Which Is More Durable Limestone Or Sandstone?

Which Is More Durable Limestone Or Sandstone

Torn between limestone or sandstone? Limestone is generally considered more durable than sandstone. It has a greater hardness rating and better resistance to weathering, making it a suitable choice for areas with heavy foot traffic or exposure to harsh environmental conditions. However, the choice between limestone and sandstone ultimately depends on your project’s requirements and design preferences.


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When choosing natural stone for construction or landscaping projects, durability is crucial. Among the numerous options available, limestone and sandstone often stand out as popular choices. But the question frequently arises, “Which is more durable, limestone or sandstone?”.


What’s most important is to hire the best natural stone fabricator to install your preferred stone. In this article, we will explore the durability of these two natural stones, providing you with valuable insights to help you make an informed decision for your projects. 


What Is Limestone?

Limestone is a sedimentary rock formed from the remains of marine organisms such as coral and shells. Its natural beauty and durability have made it a favorite among builders and architects for centuries.


Properties of Limestone

Limestone is renowned for its durability, making it suitable for indoor and outdoor applications. Its key attributes include:


  • Hardness: Limestone ranks relatively high on the Mohs scale, indicating its abrasion resistance.
  • Density: Its dense composition adds to its strength, making it an ideal choice for high-traffic areas.
  • Weather resistance: Limestone can withstand various weather conditions, including freeze-thaw cycles.


Applications of Limestone

Limestones durability and versatility make it an excellent choice for:


  • Flooring
  • Wall cladding
  • Countertops
  • Paving stones
  • Architectural details


To maintain limestones durability and aesthetic appeal, periodic sealing and proper cleaning are essential.


What Is Sandstone?

Sandstone is another sedimentary rock formed from sand-sized mineral grains cemented together over time. Its unique textures and colors make it popular for natural stone enthusiasts.


Properties of Sandstone

Sandstone is famous for its distinct appearance and moderate durability:


  • Texture: Its grainy texture and natural variations in color give it a rustic charm.
  • Strength: Sandstone is moderately firm but susceptible to erosion over time.
  • Porosity: It can be porous, making choosing the right type for your project essential.


Applications of Sandstone

Sandstones aesthetic appeal makes it suitable for:


  • Decorative facades
  • Garden pathways
  • Patio and terrace flooring
  • Fireplace surrounds
  • Sculptures and art pieces


Regular sealing and cleaning are crucial to preserve sandstones appearance and longevity.


Which Stone Requires Less Maintenance: Limestone or Sandstone?

Maintenance is crucial when choosing between limestone and sandstone for your project. Both stones require some care to ensure their longevity and visual appeal, but there are differences.


Limestone Maintenance

Limestone is generally low-maintenance but only partially maintenance-free. To keep your limestone surfaces looking their best, here are some essential maintenance tasks:


  • Sealing: Limestone should be sealed to protect from stains and moisture penetration. Sealing may need to be done annually or less frequently, depending on the type of limestone and its function.
  • Regular cleaning: Routine cleaning with a pH-balanced stone cleaner is essential to prevent dirt buildup and maintain the stone’s shine.
  • Avoid acidic cleaners: Limestone is sensitive to acidic cleaners like vinegar or lemon juice, which can etch the surface. Stick to mild, non-acidic cleaners.


Sandstone Maintenance

Sandstone, while generally low-maintenance, can have slightly different requirements:


  • Sealing: Like limestone, sandstone benefits from sealing to protect against stains and water absorption. The frequency of sealing depends on the sandstone’s porosity.
  • Cleaning: Regular cleaning with a gentle stone cleaner or a mixture of water and mild detergent can help preserve its appearance.
  • Avoid abrasive cleaning: Avoid abrasive cleaners or scrubbing pads, as they can scratch the stone’s surface.
  • Repointing: If sandstone is used in outdoor applications or as part of a wall, periodic repointing (renewing the mortar joints) may be necessary.

Which Stone Requires Less Maintenance?

In a direct comparison, sandstone is often easier to maintain than limestone. It is because sandstone is less prone to etching from acidic substances. However, maintenance requirements for both stones are relatively similar, and both can provide lasting beauty with proper care.


The choice between limestone and sandstone should primarily be based on your project’s aesthetic preferences and the specific environmental conditions it will face. Regardless of your choice, regular maintenance is the key to ensuring the longevity and beauty of your natural stone surfaces.


Which Is More Durable: Limestone or Sandstone?

To answer which stone is more durable, we need to consider the specific requirements of your project. Limestones superior hardness and weather resistance make it the better choice for areas with heavy foot traffic or exposure to the elements. 


Sandstone on the other hand, excels in projects where aesthetics are paramount and environmental factors are less harsh. Ultimately, the choice between limestone and sandstone depends on your project’s unique needs and design preferences.


Which Is More Expensive: Limestone or Sandstone?

Limestone is typically more expensive than sandstone. This price difference is due to various factors, including limestones density and durability, making it a premium choice for many construction and landscaping projects. 


Sandstone, while still a popular and attractive option, is generally more budget-friendly, making it a cost-effective alternative. However, pricing can vary depending on the stones type, quality, and source therefore it is advised to obtain quotes from suppliers for your specific project.


What Is the Most Durable Natural Stone?

The durability of natural stones can vary depending on their type and specific characteristics. While there isn’t a single “most durable” natural stone that fits all applications, granite is often considered one of the most durable. Granite is an igneous rock known for its exceptional hardness, abrasion resistance, and ability to withstand various environmental conditions. 


It is frequently used for countertops, flooring, and outdoor applications due to its impressive durability. However, the choice of the most durable natural stone should be based on your specific project requirements and the intended use of the stone.



There is no one-size-fits-all answer in the eternal debate of, “Which is more durable: limestone or sandstone?”. Each stone has its unique charm and strengths. Your choice should align with your project’s requirements and your aesthetic preferences.

Whether you opt for the enduring beauty of limestone, or the rustic appeal of sandstone, both stones have their place in the world of construction and design. Remember to maintain them properly to ensure they stand the test of time. 


Marblus Granite and Tile, Inc.

1775 Monterey Hwy Unit 40 C, San Jose, CA 95112, United States


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